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全部圖書 > 中國醫學 > 中醫臨床學 > 中醫診斷學
中醫診斷學

25选7: 《中醫診斷學》

作者: 楊維益,孟繁
版權: 學苑出版社
出版:
瀏覽量: 12
上架時間:
頁數: 574
ISBN 7-5077-1271-0
《中醫診斷學》內容包括Chapter 1  Introduction ,Section 1  The Main Contents of Diagnostics of TCM,Section 2  The Principles of Diagnosis in TCM等。

目錄:
 Chapter 1 Introduction 1
 Section 1 The Main Contents of Diagnostics of TCM 2
 Ⅰ.Diagnostic Method 2
 Ⅱ.Syndrome Differentiation 4
 Section 2 The Principles of Diagnosis in TCM 5
 Ⅰ.Holism 5
 Ⅱ.Applying Four Diagnostic Methods in Combination 7
 Ⅲ.Differentiating the Syndrome of a Disease 8
 Section 3 The Brief History of TCM Diagnostics 9
 Chapter 2 Observation 17
 Section 1 Observing Vitality, Color, Figure and Posture 17
 Ⅰ.Vitality 18
 Ⅱ.Color 22
 Ⅲ.Figure 29
 Ⅳ.Posture 32
 Section2Local Observation 33
 Ⅰ.Head Observation 33
 Ⅱ.Face Observation 34
 Ⅲ.Hair Observation 34
 Ⅳ.Eye Observation 35
 Ⅴ.Ear Observation 38
 Ⅵ.Nose Observation 38
 Ⅶ.Lip Observation 39
 Ⅷ.Tooth and Gum Observation 39
 Ⅸ.Throat Observation 40
 Ⅹ.Neck Observation 40
 Ⅺ.Chest and Abdomen Observation 41
 Ⅻ.Lumbus and Back Observation 42
 ⅩⅢ.Limb Observation 42
 ⅩⅣ.Genital and Anus Observation 45
 ⅩⅤ.Skin Observation 46
 Section 3 Observation of Excreta 50
 Ⅰ.Observing sputum, Saliva, Nasal Discharge and Spittle Ⅱ. Observingitus 51
 Section 4 Tongue Observation 51
 Ⅰ.The Relation Between Tongue and Viscera 52
 Ⅱ.Significance of Tongue Inspection 52
 Ⅲ.Special Attentions on Tongue Observation 54
 Ⅳ.Concrete Contents of Tongue Diagnosis 55
 1Tongue Texture 56
 2Tongue Coating 64
 3Combining Consideration of Tongue Texture and Coating 72
 4Tongue Picture in Critical Conditions 76
 Section5ModernResearchonObservation 77
 Ⅰ . Facial Color Observation 77
 Ⅱ.Eye Observation 78
 Ⅲ.Ear Observation 79
 Ⅳ.Nose Examination 80
 Ⅴ.Mouth and Lip Observation 80
 Ⅵ.Tongue Examination 81
 Ⅶ.Hand Examination 84
 Ⅷ.Acupoint Examination 84
 Chapter 3 Auscultation and Olfaetion 86
 Section 1 Auscultation 86
 Ⅰ.Voice 86
 Ⅱ.Speech 88
 Ⅲ. Respiration 89
 Ⅳ. Cough 90
 Ⅴ. Vomiting 91
 Ⅵ. Hiccup 92
 Ⅶ. Belching 92
 Ⅷ. Sigh 92
 Ⅸ. Sneeze 93
 Ⅹ. Bowel Rumbling 93
 Section 2 Olfaction 94
 ⅠSputum and Nasal Discharge 94
 Ⅱ.Odor of Mouth 94
 Ⅲ.Sweat 94
 Ⅳ.Odor of Body 95
 Ⅴ.Menstrual Blood and Vaginal Discharge 95
 Ⅵ.Stool and Urine 95
 Ⅶ.Vomit 95
 Ⅷ.Odor of Ward 95
 Chapter 4 Interrogation 96
 Section 1 The Purpose and Method of Interrogation 96
 Ⅰ.The Purpose of Interrogation 96
 Ⅱ.The Method of Interrogation 97
 Section2The Contents of Interrogation 97
 ⅠGeneral Data 98
 Ⅱ.Life Style and Process 98
 Ⅲ.Family History and Anamnesis 100
 Ⅳ.Chief Complaint 100
 Ⅴ.History of Present Disease 101
 Chapter 5Palpation 135
 Section1Pulse Examination 135
 Ⅰ.Location for Pulse Examination 137
 Ⅱ.The Method of Pulse-Reading 143
 Ⅲ.Normal Pulse 146
 Ⅳ. Morbid Pulse 149
 Ⅴ. Key Points for Pulse-taking and Distinguishing among Morbid Pulses Ⅵ.ulse and Infant Pulse 172
 Ⅶ. Compound Pulse and Solitary Pulse 174
 Ⅷ. Between Pulse and Symptoms 175
 Section 2 Body Palpation 178
 Ⅰ.Method of Body Pressing 178
 Ⅱ.The Main Content 179
 Section 3 The Modern Research On Pulse-Reading 188
 Ⅰ.Objectifying of Pulse-Reading 188
 Ⅱ.Analysis Method of Sphygmograph 189
 Ⅲ.Mechanism of Pulse Formation 190
 Ⅳ. Clinical Research of Pulse 190
 Chapter 6 The Eight Principle Syndrome Differentiation 192
 Section 1 Syndrome Differentiation on the Yin and Yang 193
 Ⅰ.Yin Syndrome and Yang Syndrome 193
 Ⅱ.Yin Deficiency and Yang Deficiency 195
 Ⅲ.Yang Depletion and Yin Depletion 196
 Ⅳ.Yin Rebellion and Yang Rebellion 198
 Section 2 Syndrome Differentiation on Exterior and Interior 199
 Ⅰ.Exterior Syndrome and Interior Syndrome 199
 Ⅱ.Syndrome of Both Exterior and Interior 201
 Ⅲ. Entering and Exiting 202
 Section 3 Syndrome Differentiation on Cold and Heat 203
 Ⅰ.Cold Syndrome and Heat Syndrome 204
 Ⅱ.Coexistence of Cold and Heat 207
 Ⅲ.Inter-Transformation Between Cold and Heat 207
 Ⅳ.True and False of the Cold and Heat 208
 Section 4 Syndrome Differentiation on Deficiency and Excess 209
 Ⅰ.Deficiency and Excess Syndromes 210
 Ⅱ.Coexistence of Deficiency and Excess 213
 Ⅲ.Inter-Transformation Between Deficiency and Excess 213
 Ⅳ.True and False of the Deficiency and Excess 214
 Section 5 The Modern Research on the Eight Principle Syndrome Differentiation 216
 Chapter 7 Etiological Syndrome Differentiation 217
 Section 1 Six Evils 217
 Ⅰ . Wind Syndrome 218
 Ⅱ. Cold Syndrome 220
 Ⅲ. Summer-Heat Syndrome 221
 Ⅳ. Dampness Syndrome 223
 Ⅴ. Dryness Syndrome 224
 Ⅵ. Fire Syndrome 225
 Section 2 Pestilential Evils 226
 Section 3 Seven Emotions 228
 Section 4 Improper Diet and Overwork 230
 Ⅰ.Food-Retention 230
 Ⅱ.Overwork 231
 Section 5 Parasites and Surgical Trauma 232
 Ⅰ.Parasites 232
 Ⅱ.Trauma 233
 Chapter 8 Qi, Blood and Body-Fluid Syndrome Differentiation 234
 Section 1 Qi Syndrome Differentiation 234
 Ⅰ.Deficiency of Qi 234
 Ⅱ.Qi Sinking 235
 Ⅲ.Stagnation of Qi 235
 Ⅳ.Rebellion of Qi 236
 Section 2 Blood Syndrome Differentiation 236
 Ⅰ.Deficiency of Blood 237
 Ⅱ.Bleeding Syndrome 237
 Ⅲ.Blood-Heat Syndrome 238
 Ⅳ.Blood Stasis Syndrome 238
 Ⅴ. Blood-Cold Syndrome 239
 Section 3 Syndrome Differentiation of Both Qi and Blood 239
 Ⅰ.Qi Deficiency and Blood Stasis 239
 Ⅱ.Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis 240
 Ⅲ.Deficiency of Both Qi and Blood 240
 Ⅳ.Failure of Qi to Control Blood 240
 Ⅴ.Qi Depletion Resulting from Hemorrhage 240
 Section 4 Syndrome Differentiation of Body Fluid 241
 Ⅰ.Deficiency of Body Fluid 241
 Ⅱ.Retention of Body Fluid 242
 Section 5 Modern Research on Qi, Blood and Body-Fluid Syndrome Differentiation 246
 Chapter 9 Visceral Syndrome Differentiation 248
 Section 1 Syndrome Differentiation on Liver and Gallbladder 249
 Ⅰ.Liver Qi Stagnation and Liver Qi Transverse Invasion 252
 Ⅱ.Liver Fire Flaming Up Excess Fire in the Liver and Gallbladder 253
 Ⅲ.Ascending Hyperactivity of Liver Yang 254
 Ⅳ.Liver Blood Deficiency 255
 Ⅴ.Liver Yin Deficiency 255
 Ⅵ.Liver Wind Stirring Internally 256
 Ⅶ.Retention of Cold in Liver Meridian 258
 Ⅷ.Liver Qi Deficiency and Liver Yang Deficiency 259
 Ⅸ.Damp-Heat in Liver and Gallbladder 260
 Ⅹ. Gallbladder Stagnation due to Phlegm Disturbance 261
 Section 2 Syndrome Differentiation on Heart and Small Intestine 263
 Ⅰ.Heart Qi Deficiency , Heart Yang Deficiency and Loss of Heart Yang 264
 Ⅱ.Heart Blood Deficiency 265
 Ⅲ.Heart Yin Deficiency 266
 Ⅳ.Blood Stasis in Heart 266
 Ⅴ.Fire Blazing in Heart 268
 Ⅵ.Heart Disturbed by Phlegm-Fire 268
 Ⅶ.Phlegm Covering Heart Orifices 269
 Section 3Syndrome Differentiation on Spleen and Stomach 270
 Ⅰ.Spleen Qi Deficiency 272
 Ⅱ.Spleen Qi Sinking 272
 Ⅲ.Failure of Spleen to Control Blood 273
 Ⅳ.Spleen Yang Deficiency 274
 Ⅴ.Spleen Encumbered by Cold-Dampness 275
 Ⅵ.Stomach Cold 276
 Ⅶ.Damp-Heat in Spleen and Stomach 277
 Ⅷ.Stomach Heat 278
 Ⅸ.Stomach Yin Deficiency 278
 Ⅹ.Spleen Yin Deficiency 279
 Ⅺ.Food-Retention in Stomach 280
 Ⅻ.Blood Stasis in Stomach 281
 Section 4 Syndrome Differentiation on Lung and Large Intestine 281
 Ⅰ.Lung Qi Deficiency 282
 Ⅱ. Lung Yin Deficiency 283
 Ⅲ.Wind-Cold Attacking Lung 284
 Ⅳ.Cold in Lung 284
 Ⅴ.Phlegm and Fluid-Retention in Lung 285
 Ⅵ.Wind-Heat in Lung 286
 Ⅶ.Lung Clogged with Heat 286
 Ⅷ.Dryness in Lung 287
 Ⅸ. Damp-Heat in Large Intestine 288
 Ⅹ. Deficiency-Cold of Large Intestine 289
 Ⅺ. Loss of Large Intestine Fluid 289
 Section 5 Syndrome Differentiation on Kidney and Urinary Bladder 290
 Ⅰ.Kidney Yang Deficiency 291
 Ⅱ.Kidney Yin Deficiency 292
 Ⅲ.Kidney Essence Insufficiency 293
 Ⅳ.Unconsolidation of Kidney Qi 294
 Ⅴ.Failure of Kidney to Receive Qi 294
 Ⅵ.Damp-Heat in Urinary Bladder 296
 Section 6 Syndrome Differentiation on Compound Visceral Syndromes 297
 Ⅱ.Qi Deficiency of Both Heart and Lung 297
 Ⅱ.Deficiency of Both Heart and Spleen 298
 Ⅲ.Blood Deficiency in Both Heart and Liver 299
 Ⅳ.Yang Deficiency of Both Heart and Kidney 299
 Ⅴ.Disharmony Between Heart and Kidney 300
 Ⅵ.Qi Deficiency of Both Lung and Spleen 301
 Ⅶ.Aggression on Lung by Liver Fire 302
 Ⅷ.Yin Deficiency of Both Lung and Kidney 302
 Ⅸ.Yang Deficiency of Both Spleen and Kidney 303
 Ⅹ.Disharmony Between Liver and Spleen 304
 Ⅺ.Disharmony Between Liver and Stomach 305
 Ⅻ.Liver and Kidney Yin Deficiency 306
 Section 7 The Modern Research on Visceral Syndrome Differentiation 306
 Chapter 10 Meridian Syndrome Differentiation 309
 Section 1 Syndromes of the Twelve Regular Meridians 310
 Ⅰ.Syndrome of Lung Meridian of Hand-Taiyin 313
 Ⅱ.Syndrome of Large Intestine Meridian of Hand-Yangming 313
 Ⅲ.Syndrome of Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming 314
 Ⅳ.Syndrome of Spleen Meridian of Foot-Taiyin 314
 Ⅴ.Syndrome of Heart Meridian of Hand-shaoyin 315
 Ⅵ.Syndrome of Small Intestine Meridian of Hand-Taiyang 315
 Ⅶ.Syndrome of Urinary Bladder Meridian of Foot-Taiyang 316
 Ⅷ.Syndrome of Kidney Meridian of Foot-shaoyin 316
 Ⅸ.Syndrome of Pericardium Meridian of Hand-Jueyin 317
 Ⅹ.Syndrome of Triple-Jiao Meridian of Hand-Shaoyang 317
 Ⅺ.Syndrome of Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang 318
 Ⅻ.Syndrome of Liver Meridian of Foot-Jueyin 318
 Section 2 Syndromes of the Eight Extra Meridians 319
 ⅠSyndrome of Du Governor Meridian 319
 ⅡSyndrome of Ren Conception Meridian 320
 Ⅲyndrome of Chong Meridian 321
 Ⅳ Syndrome of Dai Meridian 321
 Ⅴ Syndrome of Yangwei and Yinwei Meridian 322
 Ⅵ Syndrome of Yangqiao and Yinqiao Meridian 323
 Chapter 11 Syndrome Differentiation of Exogenous Diseases 328
 Section 1 The Six Meridian Syndrome Differentiation 331
 ⅠTaiyang Syndrome 332
 ⅡShaoyang Syndrome 336
 ⅢYangming Syndrome 337
 ⅣTaiyin Syndrome 338
 ⅤShaoyin Syndrome 339
 ⅥJueyin Syndrome 341
 Section 2 Wei-Qi-Ying-Xue Defence-Qi-Nutrient-Blood Syndrome Differentiation 344
 Ⅰ.Wei Phase Syndrome 346
 Ⅱ.Qi Phase Syndrome 346
 Ⅲ.Ying Phase Syndrome 348
 Ⅳ.Xue Phase Syndrome 349
 Appendix:Modern Researches on Wei-Qi-Ying-Xue Syndrome DifferentiationSection 3 Triple-Jiao Syndrome Differentiation 352
 Ⅰ.Upper-Jiao Syndrome 353
 Ⅱ.Middle-Jiao Syndrome 354
 Ⅲ. Lower-Jiao Syndrome 355
 Chapter 12 Medical Record 359
 Section 1 The Attentive Items for Writing Medical Record 359
 Section 2 The Content of Medical Record 360
 第一章緒論375
 第一節中醫診斷學的基本內容375
 一、診法375
 二、辨證376
 第二節中醫診斷疾病的基本原則377
 一、整體觀念377
 二、四診合參377
 三、辨別病證378
 第三節中醫診斷學簡史378
 第二章望診382
 第一節望神色形態382
 一、望神382
 二、望色384
 三、望形體387
 四、望姿態388
 第二節望局部388
 第三節望排出物395
 第四節望舌395
 一、舌與臟腑的關系396
 二、舌診的臨床意義396
 三、舌診時的注意事項397
 四、舌診的內容397
 (一)望舌質397
 (二)望舌苔401
 (三)望舌質合舌苔404
 (四)危重舌象406
 第五節望診的現代研究進展406
 一、面部色診406
 二、目診407
 三、耳診407
 四、鼻診407
 五、望口、唇407
 六、舌診408
 七、手診409
 八、穴位診409
 第三章聞診411
 第一節聽聲音411
 一、聲音411
 二、語言412
 三、呼吸412
 四、咳嗽413
 五、嘔吐413
 六、呃逆413
 七、噯氣413
 八、太息413
 九、噴嚏414
 十、腸鳴414
 第二節嗅氣味414
 一、痰與涕414
 二、口氣414
 三、汗414
 四、身414
 五、經帶414
 六、二便414
 七、嘔吐物415
 八、病室氣味415
 第四章問診416
 第一節問診之目的與方法416
 一、問診之目的416
 二、問診的方法416
 第二節問診的內容417
 一、一般情況417
 二、生活史417
 三、家族史與既往史418
 四、主癥418
 五、現病史418
 第五章切診433
 第一節脈診433
 一、診脈部位434
 二、診脈方法437
 三、正常脈象438
 四、病脈與主病440
 五、診脈要點與鑒別450
 六、診婦女與小兒脈452
 七、相兼脈象與獨異脈象主病453
 八、脈與癥的關系453
 第二節按診455
 一、按診的方法455
 二、按診的內容456
 第三節切診的現代研究進展460
 一、脈診客觀化的研究460
 二、脈圖分析方法的建立460
 三、脈象形成機理的研究460
 四、脈診的臨床研究461
 第六章八綱辨證462
 第一節陰陽辨證462
 一、陰證與陽證462
 二、陰虛證與陽虛證463
 三、亡陰與亡陽464
 四、陰厥與陽厥465
 第二節表里辨證465
 一、表證與里證465
 二、表里同病466
 三、表里出入467
 第三節寒熱辨證467
 一、寒證與熱證468
 二、寒熱錯雜469
 三、寒熱轉化470
 四、寒熱真假470
 第四節虛實辨證471
 一、虛證與實證472
 二、虛實錯雜473
 三、虛實轉化473
 四、虛實真假473
 第五節八綱辨證的現代研究進展474
 第七章病因辨證476
 第一節六淫476
 一、風證476
 二、寒證477
 三、暑證478
 四、濕證479
 五、燥證480
 六、火證480
 第二節疫癘481
 第三節七情482
 第四節飲食勞倦483
 一、食積483
 二、勞倦484
 第五節蟲證、外傷485
 一、蟲證485
 二、外傷485
 第八章氣血津液辨證486
 第一節氣病辨證486
 一、氣虛證486
 二、氣陷證486
 三、氣滯證487
 四、氣逆證487
 第二節血病辨證488
 一、血虛證488
 二、失血證488
 三、血熱證488
 四、瘀血證489
 五、血寒證489
 第三節氣血同病辨證489
 一、氣虛血瘀證490
 二、氣滯血瘀證490
 三、氣血兩虛證490
 四、氣不攝血證490
 五、氣隨血脫證490
 第四節津液病辨證491
 一、津液不足證491
 二、津液不化證491
 第五節氣血津液辨證的現代研究進展494
 第九章臟腑辨證496
 第一節肝與膽病辨證496
 一、肝氣郁結與肝氣橫逆證498
 二、肝火上炎證498
 三、肝陽上亢證498
 四、肝血虛證499
 五、肝陰虛證499
 六、肝風內動證499
 七、寒滯肝脈證500
 八、肝氣虛與肝陽虛證500
 九、肝膽濕熱證501
 十、膽郁痰擾證501
 第二節心與小腸病辨證502
 一、心氣虛、心陽虛與心陽暴脫證503
 二、心血虛證503
 三、心陰虛證504
 四、心血瘀阻證504
 五、心火亢盛證505
 六、痰火擾心證505
 七、痰迷心竅證506
 第三節脾與胃病辨證506
 一、脾氣虛證507
 二、脾氣下陷證507
 三、脾不統血證508
 四、脾陽虛證508
 五、寒濕困脾證508
 六、胃寒證509
 七、脾胃濕熱證509
 八、胃熱證510
 九、胃陰虛證510
 十、脾陰虛證510
 十一、食滯胃脘證511
 十二、血瘀胃脘證511
 第四節肺與大腸病辨證511
 一、肺氣虛證512
 二、肺陰虛證512
 三、風寒束肺證512
 四、寒邪客肺證513
 五、痰飲停肺證513
 六、風熱犯肺證514
 七、熱邪壅肺證514
 八、燥邪犯肺證514
 九、大腸濕熱證515
 十、大腸虛寒證515
 十一、大腸液虧證515
 第五節腎與膀胱病辨證515
 一、腎陽虛證516
 二、腎陰虛證517
 三、腎精不足證517
 四、腎氣不固證517
 五、腎不納氣證518
 六、膀胱濕熱證518
 第六節臟腑兼病辨證519
 一、心肺氣虛證519
 二、心脾兩虛證519
 三、心肝血虛證520
 四、心腎陽虛證520
 五、心腎不交證520
 六、肺脾氣虛證521
 七、肝火犯肺證521
 八、肺腎陰虛證521
 九、脾腎陽虛證521
 十、肝脾不調證522
 十一、肝胃不和證522
 十二、肝腎陰虛證522
 第七節臟腑辨證的現代研究進展523
 第十章經絡辨證525
 第一節十二經脈病證525
 第二節奇經八脈病證531
 第十一章外感病辨證534
 第一節六經辨證535
 一、太陽病證535
 二、少陽病證537
 三、陽明病證537
 四、太陰病證538
 五、少陰病證538
 六、厥陰病證539
 第二節衛氣營血辨證539
 一、衛分證540
 二、氣分證540
 三、營分證541
 四、血分證541
 附:衛氣營血辨證的現代研究進展542
 第三節三焦辨證543
 一、上焦病證543
 二、中焦病證544
 三、下焦病證544
 第十二章病案547
 第一節書寫病案的注意事項547
 第二節病案書寫的內容547

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